Lake Buchanan is the largest of the Highland Lakes Chain, and was formed by the construction of Buchanan Dam in 1937 by the Lower Colorado River Authority to provide a water supply for the region and hydroelectric power. It was the first of the Highland Lakes to be formed. Fed by the Colorado River, it is a huge lake, consisting of 22,333 acres of surface area when full, 30 miles long, and 132′ deep at the deepest point.
Lake Buchanan, like other nearby lakes, is stocked with fish, and is a very popular fishing lake. It is known for hybrid Striped Bass fishing, but other fish species include Largemouth Bass, Catfish, and White Bass. Much of the land surrounding it is privately owned and used for vacation and retirement homes, as well as full-time residents. Unlike most of the other Highland Lakes, Lake Buchanan has a larger percentage of lake frontage that is undeveloped.
When conditions are right and lake levels are high, you can go up the Colorado River and see numerous waterfalls, including Falls Creek. Vanishing Texas River Cruise has a tour boat that leaves from Canyon of the Eagles lodge on upper Lake Buchanan – in winter Bald Eagle sightings are common. After the eagles leave, guests can see the beautiful waterfalls and unspoiled scenery.
Water levels fluctuate on Lake Buchanan, and periods of drought mean lower lake levels. However, sandy beaches appear and fishing remains good regardless of the lake level. In Spring of 2016, we are seeing 93% full and beautiful wide open waters. Texas Parks and Wildlife maintains an up to date water level on all area lakes, as well as a good fishing report.
Waterfall on Colorado River, Spring 2016